What are Proverbs in the Bible?

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What are the Proverbs in the Bible? They are short sayings that express a universal truth. There are 31 Proverbs, one for each day of the month. Some people read them as daily motivation. Let’s explore Proverbs.

An Introduction to Proverbs

“The proverbs of Solomon, son of David, king of Israel: To know wisdom and instruction, to understand words of insight, for receiving instruction in prudent behavior, doing what is right and just and fair.”

– Proverbs 1:1-3

The introduction to the book of Proverbs introduces us to their author and purpose. Proverbs are short, and easy to remember. Each imparts a nugget of timeless wisdom, as applicable today as they were to the times they were written and will continue to give meaning in the future for one simple fact: Human nature never changes.

About the book of Proverbs

The book of Proverbs in the Old Testament of the Bible is also called the book of “wisdom.” In the Jewish canon, it appears in the third section, known as the Ketuvim, or writings, as “The Proverbs of Solomon.”

Who wrote Proverbs and when?

While some attribute that King Solomon wrote them, some scholars say these short sayings came from a variety of periods, all after Solomon’s time.

King Solomon was the son of Jewish King David. Solomon’s reign lasted from approximately 970–931 BCE, and he is credited with being the builder of the First Temple in Jerusalem. Solomon was viewed as possessing great wisdom.

The earliest known collection (25:1–29:27), titled ‘proverbs of Solomon which the men of Hezekiah king of Judah copied,’ came into being about 700 BC, according to Britannica. The latest (1:1–9:18) dates from the 4th century BC.

Examples of inspiring Proverbs

Here are ten of the most well-known Proverbs that are often quoted.

1. Proverbs 28:6

Better is a poor man who walks in his integrity than a rich man who is crooked in his ways.

2. Proverbs 1:7

The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge; fools despise wisdom and instruction.

3. Proverbs 3:5

Trust in the Lord with all your heart, and do not lean on your own understanding.

4. Proverbs 22:6

Train up a child in the way he should go; even when he is old, he will not depart from it.

5. Proverbs 31:10

An excellent wife who can find? She is far more precious than jewels.

6. Proverbs 14:12

There is a way that seems right to a man, but its end is the way to death.

7. Proverbs 17:22

A joyful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones.

8. Proverbs 4:23

Above all else, guard your heart, for everything you do flows from it.

9. Proverbs 27:17

As iron sharpens iron, so one person sharpens another.

10. Proverbs 12:15

The way of a fool is right in his own eyes, but a wise man listens to advice.